Quick Facts about the River
The Chattahoochee River originates in the southeast corner of Union County, Georgia, flows southwesterly through the Atlanta metropolitan area, and terminates in Lake Seminole, at the Georgia-Florida border, for a total distance of about 434 miles. As the river crosses the Georgia-Florida border, it joins with the Flint River and the name changes to the Apalachicola River, which flows on to the Gulf of Mexico.
Did You Know?
The lower Chattahoochee probably has the largest collection of archaeological sites in Georgia, ranging from Paleo-Indian to Creek.
Over most of its length, the flow of the Chattahoochee River is controlled by hydroelectric plants releasing water for production of hydropower.
The Chattahoochee River basin is inhabited by about 24 species of freshwater aquatic turtles, about 37 species of salamanders and sirens, about 30 species of frogs and toads, and the American alligator. The Chattahoochee River Basin is home to 9 state threatened or endangered plant species.
The Chattahoochee River supplies 70 percent of metro Atlanta's drinking water, which is more than 300 million gallons per day! The headwaters above Atlanta comprise the smallest watershed providing a major portion of water supply for any metropolitan area in the country.
In 2000, the city of Atlanta was forced by a federal consent order to remove 568 tons of trash, including seven automobiles, from streams that feed into the Chattahoochee.
As metropolitan Atlanta has experienced unprecedented growth during the last 30-plus years, severe sewage discharge problems and sediment inflow have affected water quality.
Economic Ties to the River
Apalachicola Bay produces 90 percent of Florida's and 13 percent of the nation's oyster harvest, and functions as a nursery for shrimp, blue crabs and a variety of fin fish.
Parks Along the River
Chattahoochee Nature Center – a private, non-profit educational facility located in Roswell. Teaches about the wildlife and ecosystems of the Chattahoochee River.
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area – includes 48 miles of river and 16 parks to preserve the beauty and recreational value of the river. Find out more HERE.